Security and Safety
Volume 2, 2023
Security and Safety in Physical Layer Systems
|Number of page(s)
|03 July 2023
Covert communication in relay and RIS networks
College of Physics and Information Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350116, China
2 Fujian Key Laboratory for Intelligent Processing and Wireless Transmission of Media Information, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, Fujian, 350116, China
3 School of Information and Communication Engineering, Hainan University, Haikou, Hainan, 570100, China
Revised: 10 March 2023
Accepted: 14 June 2023
Covert communication aims to prevent the warden from detecting the presence of communications, i.e. with a negligible detection probability. When the distance between the transmitter and the legitimate receiver is large, large transmission power is needed, which in turn increases the detection probability. Relay is an effective technique to tackle this problem, and various relaying strategies have been proposed for long-distance covert communication in these years. In this article, we first offer a tutorial on the relaying strategies utilized in covert transmission. With the emergence of reflecting intelligent surface and its application in covert communications, we propose a hybrid relay-reflecting intelligent surface (HR-RIS)-assisted strategy to further enhance the performance of covert communications, which simultaneously improves the signal strength received at the legitimate receiver and degrades that at the warden relying on optimizing both the phase and the amplitude of the HR-RIS elements. The numerical results show that the proposed HR-RIS-assisted strategy significantly outperforms the conventional RIS-aided strategy in terms of covert rate.
Key words: Covert communication / relay / reflecting intelligent surface
Citation: Hu J, Shi X and Chen Y et al. Covert communication in relay and RIS networks. Security and Safety 2023; 2: 2023015. https://doi.org/10.1051/sands/2023015
© The Author(s) 2023. Published by EDP Sciences and China Science Publishing & Media Ltd.
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