Open Access

Table 5.

Cloud security taxonomy of state-of-the-art

Security issues Compromised Mitigation Representative
features solutions
Hardware security Natural disasters Availability Disaster recovery solutions [207, 208]
Hardware functional safety Availability Resource replications, erasure coding [211]
Infrastructure data leakage Confidentiality Transmission protection, access control [212, 213]
Inadequate infrastructure design Availability Auto-scaling, workloads prediction [215, 216]

Cloud storage security Data loss and leakage Integrity Local and remote scanning [217]
Data manipulation and integrity Integrity Blockchain, masked authenticated messaging [218221]
Malware Confidentiality Anomaly detection [227229]
Data monitoring and inference Privacy Inference-ware mechanism [217, 230232]

Virtualized platform security Data migration Integrity Transmission protocol [233, 234]
Data separation Integrity Task offloading, federated learning [236, 237]
Operating system security Confidentiality Vulnerabilities packing [238]
Virtualized software functional safety Privacy VM image provenance tracking [242244]
Compromised hypervisor Availability Privilege management [246249]

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